Use of certain types of birth control (i.e. spermicides)
Hormonal changes due to menopause
Hormonal changes due to pregnancy
Physical anatomy and hygiene after urination
Antibiotics altering normal bacterial flora
Change in the
Prolonged use of bladder catheters
Wiping from front to back after urinating and after a bowel movement helps prevent bacteria in the anal region from spreading to the vagina and urethra.2
Our natural bacterial flora are an important defence mechanism against urinary tract infections. Antibiotics can have a negative effect on this flora and increase the risk of developing a UTI.5
People who are unable to urinate on their own and use a tube (catheter) to urinate have an increased risk of UTIs. This may include people who are hospitalised and people with neurological problems that make it difficult to control their ability to urinate.2
Cystitis is the inflammation of the bladder often caused by infection. Cystitis is the most common type of urinary tract infection6
Pyelonephritis is the inflammation of the kidney often caused by infection. These are much less common than cystitis6
Urinary Tract Infections are classified into Uncomplicated and Complicated UTIs. Uncomplicated Urinary Tract Infections: These are the most common. They include UTIs in healthy non-pregnant, pre-menopausal women with a normal urinary tract.
These are frequently diagnosed urological disorders in women of any age. They are sporadic and community acquired episodes of acute cystitis in otherwise healthy individuals.
Uncomplicated Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) are more common in women without known structural and functional abnormalities within the urinary tract.
Recurrent Uncomplicated Urinary Tract Infections (RUTIs) are a common presentation to urologists and family doctors.
Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections: Some people experience repeated episodes of urinary tract infections.
Having three UTIs in a year or two in six months is considered to be a recurrent urinary tract infection.
Complicated Urinary Tract Infections: Are UTIs that occur in all other patients. They can require more specialised treatment and closer monitoring.
Contact your doctor if you have signs or symptoms of a UTI who will be advise on the most appropriate treatment options for your needs.